What is Mudras ?

Yoga Mudras. Mudra means “seal,” “gesture,” or “mark.” Yoga mudras are symbolic gestures often practiced with the hands and fingers. They facilitate the flow of energy in the subtle body and enhance one’s journey within

History of mudras

The history of yoga mudras dates back to pre-historic times before ancient Egyptian and Eastern civilizations were established. When the early civilizations grew, images of various gods and goddesses commonly show them sitting or standing with their hands in one of many mudras. In India, mudras were used in ritual dances to regulate stress and intonation. As religion developed worldwide and branched out into different forms, many of the new ideologies still incorporated mudras into rituals and meditative practices. Although many mudras are performed with hands, Kechari Mudra is actually done with the tongue.

Major Mudras

Our hands are thought to hold energetic points for these elements and thus the use of mudras is a way of manipulating these elements. Within the hand gestures, there not only connecting principles at play but also freeing actions taking place depending on the mudra.

1.Thumb: Space, 2.Index Finger: Air, 3.Middle Finger: Fire ,4.Ring Finger: Water ,5.Pinky Finger:Earth

Mudra of Knowledge : Gyana Mudra

This is probably the most familiar mudra in mainstream society. Meditators are often seen pairing this mudra with their practice. The intention of the Gyan mudra is to improve your concentration and sharpen your memory. This is a great mudra to use when seeking to gain knowledge. Try holding this mudra while meditating for insight into your life or a specific issue.

Method: This mudra is performed by touching your index fingertip to the tip of your thumb, while holding your other three fingers straight.

Elements: Space + Air

Mudras For Concentration :Dhyana Mudra

The Dhyana mudra is shared across several eastern meditation disciplines. The Buddha is often pictured doing this gesture. The significance of this mudra is to bring you into deeper, more profound concentration. This gesture can also help bring you tranquility and inner peace.

Method: To do the Dhyana mudra, simply sit with your hands facing upward, right hand resting on top of your left palm. The right hand, representing enlightenment and higher spiritual faculties, rests over the left hand, representing the world of maya, or illusion.

Elements: All

Mudras for BP: Prana Mudra

The Prana mudra is said to be one of the most important mudras due to its ability to activate dormant energy in your body. Prana is the vital life force within all living things. This mudra will help awaken and enliven your personal prana, and put you more in tune with the prana around you.

Method: Perform this mudra by touching your ring and pinky fingers to the tip of your thumb, while keeping the other two fingers straight.

Elements: Space+ Water

Mudra of DigestionApana Mudra

The Apana mudra is good for mental or physical digestion and for eliminating waste material from the body. This gesture may also be a form of aiding in mental and emotional digestion when applied to “evil” outside of the body.

Method: To do this posture, bring your second and third fingers to your thumb. The way you position your fingers may differ depending on the discipline you are learning from. Some say that you should rest the two fingers just slightly behind the tip of the thumb, but in many depictions, this mudra is demonstrated by bringing the middle and ring finger to the tip of the thumb.

Elements: Space+ Fire+ Water

Mudras for diabetesSurya Mudra

The Surya mudra is intended to increase the solar/fire element in the body and improve metabolism and digestion. It is also useful in reducing heaviness in the body and to help ward off colds, since it increases core body temperature.

Method: Perform this mudra by bending your ring finger to the base of your thumb so that your thumb touches the ring finger’s knuckle. Stretch your other three fingers straight without stressing the hand.

Elements: Space+ Water

Mudras for sleepVayu Mudra

This mudra is very beneficial to overcome sleeplessness.The Vayu mudra is good for diseases related to air imbalances, such as gas-related pain, flatulence, joint pain, bloating, and abdominal discomfort. This mudra helps regulate Vata-related issues, both mental and physical, relieving them by bringing your air element back into its proper flow.

Method: At first glance, this mudra may seem very similar to the Gyan mudra. The difference is the Vayu has you connect the thumb to the knuckle or hump of the index finger, as opposed to the fingertip in Gyan. Press down on the index finger to your level of comfort; this gesture is intended to relax not strain the joint. For optimal results, do your Pranayama exercises while holding this mudra.

Elements: Space + Air

Mudras for skin allergy & Cold : Bhramara Mudra

Here is one to practice to relieve allergies and related conditions.  It’s called Bhramara Mudra.

  • Place your index finger at the base of your thumb.
  • Touch the tip of your thumb beside the fingernail of the middle finger
  • Extend your ring and little fingers
  • Focus your attention and breathe as deeply, slowly and smoothly as possible
  • Hold for several minutes and practice often

Mudra to Lose Weight : Linga Mudra

Interlock both the palms but keep the left thumb erected outwards & upwards to form the phallus.

Since the thumb finger represents fire element, practicing this mudra regularly will increase the agni in your body and thus enhances your digestive power.

Proper digestion prevents the formation of toxins like ‘Ama’ and hence your body burns stored fat automatically.

Mudrs for hair growths : Prithvi Mudra

This Mudra increases the earth element and reduces the fire element in the body. The Prithvi Mudra increases the strength of the body. Just join the tip of the ring finger with the tip of the thumb finger and apply gentle pressure on it. It prevents hair loss and premature graying. This mudra should be done for thirty to forty minutes each day.

Shuni (or Shoonya)

This gesture is used to improve intuition, alertness, and sensory powers. It also purifies your emotions and thoughts.

Method: This mudra is performed by touching the tip of the middle finger to the thumb tip, while keeping the other three fingers straight and relaxed.

Elements: Space + Fire


This mudra is often associated with Shiva as it applies to your internal transformative abilities. The word Rudra means ”lord” in Sanskrit, which is fitting for this gesture because the main benefits affect your personal power center—the solar plexus. It is said to improve clarity and concentration of thought. Often this mudra is prescribed for those dealing with dizziness, exhaustion, and chronic tension in their body. You can use the Rudra mudra (say that out loud for a laugh) to energize your physical body and empower you to reach your highest potential or goals.

Method: To do this mudra, connect your thumb to your index and ring fingers while keeping your other two fingers as straight as you can.

Elements: Space + Air + Water


This mudra is used for mental clarity. You perform this gesture when you need to understand intuitive messages from your subconscious (i.e., dreams or meditations that puzzle you). One of the most powerful benefits of this mudra can be found in the improvement of communication, such as improving internal and external dialogue.

Method: This mudra is performed by touching your thumb to your pinky finger, while holding your other three fingers straight.

Elements: Space + Earth